Oral surgery is a form of dentistry that treats a wide spectrum of diseases, injuries and defects around the head, neck, face and jaw. Most common oral services include extraction (moderate to difficult, including wisdom teeth), reconstructive dental oral surgery and placing dental implants.
In a typical situation, a patient has lost a single tooth and wants to have it replaced with a crown supported by a dental implant. However, the tooth has been missing for several years and there is not enough bone to support the implant. In this case, bone taken from the patient's chin or from a cadaver can be used to "rebuild" the lost bone so that it can support an implant.
A dentist’s main goal is to preserve your natural teeth and keep them healthy for as long as possible. There are times, however, when it is in your best interest to have a tooth extracted (removed). This could be the case for a variety of reasons. If a tooth has been broken or damaged by decay, the dentist will try to fix it with a filling, crown or other dental treatment. But when there's too much damage for the tooth to be repaired, the tooth may need to be extracted — or removed — from its socket in the bone. There are two types of extractions: a simple extraction, where the dentist loosens the tooth with an instrument called an elevator to remove the tooth, or a surgical extraction, a more complex procedure, which is used if a tooth may have broken off at the gum line or has not, erupted in the mouth. Both procedures will require some form of anesthesia.
Wisdom Teeth Removal:
Wisdom teeth, also called third molars, are often extracted either before or after they come in. They commonly come in during the late teens or early 20s. They need to be removed if they are decayed, cause pain or have a cyst or infection. These teeth often get stuck in the jaw (impacted) and do not come in. This can irritate the gum, causing pain and swelling. In this case, the tooth must be removed. If you need all four wisdom teeth removed, they are usually taken out at the same time. The dentist will begin by taking an X-ray of the area to help plan the best way to remove the tooth/teeth. Be sure to provide your full medical and dental history and a list of all medications you take. This should include prescription and over-the-counter drugs, vitamins and supplements. The dentist will discuss with you the different methods of anesthesia and which would be best for your procedure.
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