Periodontics: Periodontics is the treatment and prevention of gum disease.
In periodontal laser therapy, the dentist uses a dental laser to access and remove the inflamed gum tissue from around the root of the tooth. When the infected tissue is removed and the root is exposed, the root scaling begins. This involves scraping off the plaque built up below the gum line and around the root. The dentist will then smooth the root with instruments to remove any rough spots that might attract bacteria and cause future infections.
Pocket reduction procedures:
When you have periodontal disease, this supporting tissue and bone is destroyed, forming "pockets" around the teeth. Over time, these pockets become deeper, providing a larger space for bacteria to live. A periodontal pocket reduction procedure will be performed if you have pockets that are too deep. During this procedure, the dentist will fold back the gum tissue and removes the disease-causing bacteria before securing the tissue into place. This allows the gum tissue to better reattach to healthy bone.
Scaling and root planning:
Scaling and root planing is one of the most effective ways to treat gum disease before it becomes severe. Root planning and scaling cleans between the gums and the teeth down to the roots. The dentist may need to use a local anesthetic to numb your gums and the roots of your teeth, and then use an ultrasonic tool for the planning and scaling. The dentist may place antibiotic fibers into the pockets between your teeth and gums. The antibiotic will help speed healing and prevent infection. These fibers will be removed about 1 week after the procedure.
Root surface debridement:
Debridement takes into account more than just the root surfaces. In addition to treatment of the root surface, it encompasses the pocket space, the pocket wall, underlying tissues, and even takes into account the immune response of the patient. The focus of debridement therapy is the control of a bacterial infection as opposed to simply removing deposits from root surface.
The dentist may recommend a regenerative surgical procedure when the bone supporting your teeth has been destroyed due to periodontal disease. These procedures can reverse some of the damage by regenerating lost bone and tissue. The procedure entails folding back the gum tissue and removing the disease-causing bacteria. Eliminating existing bacteria and regenerating bone and tissue helps to reduce pocket depth and repair damage caused by the progression of periodontal disease.
A dental implant is a titanium post (like a tooth root) that is surgically positioned into the jawbone beneath the gum line that allows the dentist to mount replacement teeth or a bridge into that area. An implant doesn't come loose like a denture can. The dental implant, usually a cylindrical and/or tapered post made of titanium, is placed surgically into the jawbone.
Call the office for a checkup and evaluation of your gums.